CULTURE / Human impact


Due to extensive forest clearcuttings, especially after the Seven-Year War (1756-1763), wind erosion appeared. Wind reshaped old parabolic dunes, forming new relief. The Great Dune Ridge started to grow. It buried 14 villages under the thick layer of sand: Naumiestis, Priedinis, Senieji and Naujieji Nagliai, Karvaiciai, Senieji Kuncai, Naujoji Pilkopa, Senoji Nida and others. The sand threatened humans, so they started looking for ways to tame it. At the beginning they were building wooden barriers, which helped very little.
The radical turn happened in 1768, when a professor of Vitenberg University J.O.Titius offered to plant dunes with saplings of the mountain pine, which were brought from Denmark. Planting was started in the middle of the 19th century. Such specialists as S.Bjorn, C.J.Wutzke, G.D.Kuwert, S.A.Krause, G.Hagen, H.Zenftleben, F.Ephia and others were guiding it. The Great Dune Ridge was strengthened and the foredune ridge was formed along the spit. The foredune ridge prevented sand drifting from the seacoast.
This rather interesting object has been erected over several centuries. People started to work on it in 1805 and they still continue. A scientist from Dantzing, S.Bjorn, proposed the method. Rows of pickets should be nailed along the coast at first. The moving sand stops around them and forms the ridge. Then new rows of pickets should be pierced on the top. Thus the ridge is growing until the foredune is formed. Latter it is strengthened with willow twigs and planted with grass.

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6. Where can we order excursion in Kursiu nerija national park?

You can order guides in Visitors centres. Service charges provided by national park administration