The formation of the Curonian Spit has about 5000 years of history.  Throughout entire historical period the peninsula has been threatened by natural forces and subsequently followed by irresponsible human activity. Since the 16th century there has been large-scale deforestation, intensive pasturage, resin and charcoal extraction, tapping, and forest fires.  Forest coverage in the Spit decreased from 75% (1605) down to 10 % (1834) within the two-century period of deforestation.  The old parabolic dunes are overlapped by the new drifting dunes which bury old soils and the remains of forests. 14 villages were sand buried during the 1706-1846 period. Massive sand movement in the spit was hindered only by major dune stabilization and reforestation works involving considerable labor, time and cost spending.

Within the 19th century, in a wasteland of drifting sand, humans created an unprecedented masterpiece, which was considered of outstanding universal value by the 24th session of the World Heritage Committee (Cairns, Australia, 27 November 2 December 2000) and included on the UNESCO World Heritage List as a cultural landscape of global significance illustrating a history of dramatic interaction between Human and Nature.

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3. Do we have to pay for the entrance to the Kursiu nerija national park?

You only have to pay fixed fee in Alksnynes post by Neringa municipality