PLACES OF INTEREST / Monuments of Culture
  • KOPGALIS VILLAGE CEMETERY (SMILTYNE)
Kopgalis village cemetery (the 19th - beginning of the 20th century). The first Lithuanian captain L. Stulpinas (1871-1934) and governor of Klaipeda region, poet-publicist Jonas Zilius - Jonila (1870 - 1932) are buried there.
  • ETHNOGRAPHIC FARMSTEAD OF FISHERMAN (SMILTYNE)
An ethnographic fisherman's farmstead has been built in 1977–1979 on the shore of the Curonian Lagoon at the place where the old Kopgalis fishing village used to stand. The farmstead comprises a farm, cattle-shed, store, bathhouse, cellar and smokehouse. The interior of the buildings were restored to reflect the beginning of the 20th century.
  • A MONUMENT TO L. HAGEN (SMILTYNE)
A monument to L. Hagen, one of the engineers, who forested the northern part of the Curonian Spit. In the end of 19th century he was the first to describe, examine and develop a method for building a protective foredune. The monument was built on the Hagen Hill, between World War I and World War II. Memorial note on the obelisk is in both German and Lithuanian languages.
  • WITCHES' HILL (JUODKRANTE)
The major attraction of the hill is the park of wooden sculptures. It was set up in 1979 according to the project developed by the sculptor S. Sarapovas and architect A.Nasvytis. Forty nine artists carved sixty five sculptures, which embodied the heroes and characters of Lithuanian fairy-tails and legends. Each year some sculptures are restored or replaced with others.
  • THE GRIEKAI LINDEN – TREE (JUODKRANTE)
The location of the Griekai Linden-tree (the linden tree of sins). A very old and branched linden tree grew on this place. Many legends are told about it. One of them says that it was a place where the community judged dissolute young people. Another tells about the sacrificing for ancient gods. German soldiers cut down the tree in 1939. A new linden tree has been planted there recently.
  • AMBER BAY (ON ENTRY TO THE JUODKRANTE)
Deepening a waterway in the vicinity of Juodkrante in 1855, workers found amber in sludge. Thousands of tons of amber have been dug out from 1860 till 1890. While digging the port of the bay, an amber collection of the middle Neolithic and Bronze ages was found; it was later called the Amber Treasure. W. Stantien & M. Becker, amber excavation company compiled a selection of mined ancient amber articles.
  • JUODKRANTE VILLA QUARTER  (JUODKRANTE)
Taking a walk on Kalnas Street, you can have a look at XIX–XX century Juodkrante resort villas.
  • MONUMENT TO L.M.REZA  (JUODKRANTE)
Monument to the professor of Karaliaucius (Kaliningrad) university, Lithuanian poet and folk-ethnologist, L. M. Reza (1779 - 1840m.). He was first to publish the famous poetry work "Metai" by K. Donelaitis and fables. Monument was erected in 1994; his author is the artist A. Sakalauskas.
  • EXPOSITION OF STONE SCULPTURES  (JUODKRANTE)
In 1995, while constructing the embankment in Juodkrante, the idea came to life to set up an outdoor exposition of sculptures. It was named "Zeme ir vanduo" (Ground and Water). The first sculptures were placed in a section 800 m long in 1997. This composition will grow richer every year.
  • JUODKRANTE CHURCH  (JUODKRANTE)
Juodkrante Evangelic Lutheran Church was built in 1884-1885 by the initiative of Juodkrante preacher O. E. Richter. After World War II the church was turned into a warehouse. It was restored in the seventies; windows were decorated with a stained glass. For some time it was used by the Miniatures Museum. In 1989 the building was given back to the church.
  • LIGHTHOUSE OF HORSES (PERVALKA)
The lighthouse was constructed in 1900 in the Curonian Lagoon beside Pervalka, behind Agilos gulf, facing Horses Cape rising across Birstvynas. It was reconstructed twice. Currently in action. Is reachable by a ship and can be seen from the Curonian Spit shore.
  • L.M.REZA‘S SCULPTURE ON THE SKIRPSTAS DUNE (PERVALKA)
Karvaičiai village is the homeland of one of the most famous folklorists and poets of the beginning of the 19th century, professor of Königsberg University Liudvikas Martynas Rėza (1776–1840). He was the first to publish „Metai“ (Year) by K. Donelaitis in 1818, later – the fables, in 1825 he published the first collection of the Lithuanian folk songs „Dainos“ (Songs). The wooden sculpture to L. G. Rėza by the folk artist E. Jonušas was erected in 1979 on the Skirpstas Dune near Pervalka.
  • NIDA EVANGELIC LUTHERAN CHURCH (NIDA)
The church was built in 1888. It lost its purpose after World War II; Neringa History Museum was opened there instead. In the year 1989, the museum was relocated and the Neogothic building was returned to the Evangelic Lutheran community. Nida church celebrates Mass nowadays; in summer, classical music concerts are organized there.
  • NIDA ETHNOGRAPHIC CEMETERY (NIDA)
Next to Nida Evangelic Lutheran church is a XIX–XX century Nida ethnographic cemetery. Original wooden tomb monuments, “krikstai”, are extant in the ethnographic cemetery, which are characteristic to the Curonian Spit. Krikstai is one of the oldest tomb monument forms in Lithuania, originated in the XVII century. Horse heads, plants and birds were carved in male krikstai, while female krikstai also portrayed heart motives next to birds and plants. The cemetery is open for visitors.
  • MEMORIAL FOR G.D.KUVERTAS (NIDA)
The monument for the first person, who enriched the environment with greenery, was built in 1856. Later in this place dune attendants and foresters were started to be buried. In the old foresters’ small graveyards in Nida rest the pioneers of enriching environment with greenery – father Gottlieb Dovydas and his son Georgas Kuvertas. In XIX century, they started to plant the wandering Nida’s dune and dune’s sand plain near the old Post Office road, in this way rescuing Nida and the old Post road from being blown with sand. The monument is situated near the second entry to Nida.
  • FISHERMAN'S ETHNOGRAPHIC FARMSTEAD (NIDA)
The main building in the Fisherman's Ethnographic Farmstead was built in 1900, but in the beginning of eighties ice floes destroyed the dwelling house. The family that lived there was moved to another place and, after restoration of the dwelling, the ethnographic farmstead was set up here. The display, which is located in the old part, tells visitors about the fisherman's life. All rooms are set up in the way old fishermen lived. Visitors will see furniture, dishes and other equipment used for the housekeeping.
  • THE LIGHTHOUSE ON THE URBAS HILL (NIDA)
The construction of the first Nida's lighthouse was as important as forest planting on the Urbas Hill ("urbinti" means to make holes). The 27 m high lighthouse started to operate on October 24th in 1874. Its light was seen in 20 miles around. Before the end of World War II, German soldiers blasted the lighthouse, but in 1945 it was restored and reconstructed in 1953. Nida's present lighthouse is made of ferro-concrete and painted in red-white horizontal lines. The tower is 29.3 m high. It sends flashlight signals, which are seen 41 km to the sea (22 sea miles).
  • VALLEY OF DEATH (NIDA)
In the southern part of Parnidis Landscape Reserve, in the hollow of dune curve lays the Valley of Death. In 1870–1872, there was a camp of French prisoners of war. Many prisoners died of heavy imprisonment conditions, exhaustion and disease. The dead were buried in the cemetery right there. Thus the Germans “repaid” the French for the imprisonment conditions in the Sahara.
  • MONUMENT TO AN AIRCLUB GLIDING SCHOOL (NIDA)
Memorial composition in the place of the main Lithuanian Gliding School. This school existed between 1933 and 1939. Between 1939 and 1943 it had been used as a school by German military airforce. The symbolic hangar arch and memorial stone was built in 1979 remind visitors about the former gliding school.
 

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FAQ
9. Where can I rent bicycles on Curonian Spit and are there any bike tracks?

The national park has a special 51km long bike track


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